Amtrak Cardinal
The Amtrak Cardinal

Amtrak Cardinal: What You Need To Know

The Amtrak Cardinal is a relaxing mode of transportation between Chicago, IL, and New York City, NY. The train provides coach and sleeping car accommodations plus food service.

Music to listen to as you read.

The Amtrak Cardinal, in total, serves thirty-two communities by rail, including Washington, DC; Philadelphia, PA; Charlottesville, VA; Cincinnati, OH; and Indianapolis, IN.

Amtrak offers connecting services for more destinations to expand this train’s reach. This article will give you the information to plan your next trip aboard Amtrak’s Cardinal.

Taking Amtrak is convenient for passengers in several ways. Many station stops are in the downtown areas, unlike airports.

The Cardinal serves many communities without access to airports or other forms of mass transportation. Another advantage of train travel is less jetlag and an opportunity to sit back and enjoy the scenery.

The Amtrak Cardinal Podcast

I did a podcast about this train and an overview of this article. The article has more detail, but here it is if you want an audio overview!

Frequency Of Amtrak Cardinal

Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper car
An Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper Car

The Amtrak Cardinal runs three days between Chicago, IL, and New York. NY, with thirty-four intermediate stops.

The Cardinal leaves Chicago on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday and stops after Indianapolis, IN, the next day. Likewise, It leaves New York on Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday and stops after Maysville, KY, the next day.

What Equipment Does The Cardinal Use

The train uses one (sometimes more) GE Genisis series locomotive between Chicago and DC and a Seimans electric locomotive between DC and NYC. Rail cars include Amtrak’s Amfleet II and Viewliner Equipment.

The new Amtrak sleepers are appearing on this train.

You can reserve the following:

The train name and numbers

All Amtrak trains are named and numbered. The names make remembering what train you need to be on more effortless, and the train number helps ensure it is correct.

The train numbers identify the trains’ directions and, with some routes, the schedule of that train. The Cardinal going East is train 50 and 51 going West.

Buying tickets for the Amtrak Cardinal

Buying Amtrak Ticket
A passenger is buying a ticket from a staffed station. Photo courtesy of Amtrak

If you want to book a reservation for the Cardinal, you have options, including Amtrak’s app, website, phone (1-800-USA-Rail), or staffed stations.

This train offers travel opportunities beyond the rails with Amtrak’s Connecting Services reserved along with your train ticket.

Some staffed and unstaffed stations also have Quik-Trak kiosks allowing you to use your credit or debit card to purchase tickets.

If you purchase your ticket at a station, you will leave with a paper ticket, plus you can also request an email copy. When you book online, tickets get emailed to you. There is more on this topic in the next section.

Suppose you are looking for someone to arrange everything for you. In that case, Amtrak Vacations, a travel agency authorized by Amtrak or an independent rail-focused travel agency, is Vacation by Rail.

Do not plan on buying your tickets on the train. You can purchase tickets over the phone and pick them up on the train in limited circumstances. Here is more information on purchasing tickets onboard and pickup.

Sometimes, you will need to call Amtrak or visit a staffed station, for example, booking an accessible room, bedroom suites, or if you want something special like two roomettes across from each other, and the like.

Paperwork needed

Passengers need a ticket, which can be paper or digital, and a valid government-issued ID.

Amtrak ticket readers can randomly ask the conductors to check ID; this hasn’t happened to me, but it has happened to travel companions.

It is needed, but many passengers like to bring Amtrak schedules with them, but they are not necessary.

Boarding The Amtrak Cardinal

Boarding the Cardinal is not hard if you are ready! Get to the station early, check if you can check your bags before heading to the station, and keep your eyes and ears open. Before the train arrives, have your bags ready to go and ticket out.

If you have coach reservations, your seat and car will be assigned right before you board, or you will be given the option of open seating, depending on where you board.

If you have a sleeper reservation, your car and room number are on your ticket. Often, the sleepers are on the back of the train, but that can change.

Downloadable route guide

The route guides are fun to learn about the communities you roll through to your destination. You can print or save them on a tablet, so worry about the Internet.

The Amtrak Cardinal Schedule, run time, and miles.

It takes the Cardinal 26.5 hours to travel 1,147 miles from start to finish. Below is a brief look at scheduled departure times for the Cardinal’s significant stops.

Eastbound 50
(Read top-down)
CitiesWestbound 51
(Read bottom-up)
5:55 pmChicago. IL10:00 am
12:15 pm (Next Day)Indianapolis, IN6:00 am
3:37 amCincinnati, OH1:41 am (Next Day)
3:44 pm Charlottesville, VA1:52 pm
7:09 pmWashington DC11:00 am
10:23 pm New York, NY6:54 am
The times are departure times and can change at any time.

Who Owns The Tracks the Amtrak Cardinal Uses?

Amtrak does own some tracks used by the Cardinal, but most of the route is over rails owned by other railroads called the host railroads.

The following railroads own tracks used by the Cardinal:

Here is the Cardinal’s host railroad breakdown

What is the Amtrak Cardinal’s on-time reliability?

For 2020, the Cardinal was on time 65% of the time, and since most of Amtrak’s route is over CSX and NS tracks, those railroads are responsible for many of this route’s delays.

Amtrak scores each of the class 1 railroads with a letter grade.

In 2020, CSX achieved an on-time score of a B+ with a four-year average of a B. On the other hand, NS for 2020 scored a C with a four-year average of an F.

Here is Amtrak’s full report card and more info on how Amtrak applied performance.

Check out the video or click here to learn why Amtrak trains get delayed. Delays happen, and as you know, often, they are not Amtrak’s fault. Trains can compensate for some lost time and not let this deter you from booking a trip.

How to see if The Amtrak Cardinal is running on time

Amtrak’s Site and App

You can check the status of The Cardinal or any of Amtrak’s trains with a computer or a smart device. Amtrak’s website and app have a button to gather this info, and once you are in, there are two ways to collect the information.

A look at the Amtrak App's train status page.
The status page on the Amtrak App (May 2021)

Option one is by Train Number; you need the train’s number and a station. For example, if you are getting on the train in Hinton, WV, heading to New York and are curious how the train is doing, enter 50 for the train number and HIN or Hinton. If you do not know your train number, look at your ticket; it is there.

If you want to get info by station, enter the city where the train started and where you are getting on the train. Suppose we use the last example; type CHI or Chicago for the departure station and HIN for the arrival.

Either way works, but knowing the train’s number works best for me. I often will see how the train did at the stop before mine, for this will give me an idea if I have time to spare or if I need to hurry. Remember that trains can make up some time if they are running late.

If you use the Amtrak app on your day of travel, a button in the ticket area says trip tools; after you hit that, a drop-down menu will allow you to check your train status for your stop and destination.

By Phone

Or you can also call 1-800-USA-Rail to get train status.

Third-party sites

Besides the Amtrak site, there are some third parties to help you. This site is the one I like and use the most because of its useability and its display.

A look at an Amtrak tracking site page.
This site offers several ways to find out the status of your train.

The site provides a live map displaying all Amtrak trains running at that time, or you can get a particular train or station’s status.

I go back and forth between the site and Amtrak’s app, for I will use the site to see where the train is and then the app when it is close to the station.

I love using the site to see how the train performs on its journey. When using that function, remember to enter the date when the train started its trip. For example, if you were going from Omaha to Chicago on the California Zephyer, use the date two days prior.

Third-party sites obtained their data from Amtrak, and this information is close to “real-time. ” Amtrak pings each train every few minutes, so it’s close enough.

Receive texts or emails.

Amtrak offers the opportunity to receive text messages or emails about the train’s status when purchasing tickets. If you miss the prompt, you can sign up afterward using the link below. When signing up for emails, ensure the account you use is one you can use while traveling.

If someone picks you up, they can sign up for this service. Then, everyone can be on the same page, and it comes in handy if there is a delay and you do not have cell coverage in an area.

Baggage on Amtrak’s Cardinal

Amtrak’s generous carry-on policy allows for two twenty-eight-inch suitcases and two personal items; all bags must weigh fifty pounds or less.

Too much luggage
Does anyone need this much luggage?

Coach cars offer storage above your seat, plus a luggage rack at one end of the coach car. No one guards stowed luggage. Sleeper cars have space in the rooms for your belongings, like above the door in roomettes.

Check bag service is not available for all stops. Before you leave, verify that departure and arrival stations offer checked bag service to prevent a day of travel surprise. You must carry all your luggage if one or both do not provide this service.

If you know ahead of time, you can pack accordingly. Further down in this article is a list of all station stops and the services offered.

If you connect to or from this train, your checked bags, except for bus transfers, will transfer with you. When in doubt, ask onboard or station staff.

If you check your bags, you will not have access to them until you reach your final destination, so if you need any medications, pack them in your carry-on.

You must check your bags at least forty-five minutes before the departure of the train.

Food and alcohol on Amtrak’s Cardinal

Bringing food onto The Cardinal

You can bring food and beverages on board the train, but remember that others will be around you, so consider what you get. Egg salad or other food with pungent odors is never a good idea. Some people, like my dad, might suggest that you do not bring noisy food, or at least don’t eat it while others are sleeping.

Due to FDA regulations, do not bring food or drinks into Amtrak food service cars you didn’t purchase onboard. Food for children is the exception. Also, Amtrak staff cannot store or warm any food or beverage for you.

Bringing alcohol onto The Cardinal

You may transport adult beverages in coach class but cannot partake from your stash as you travel. If you get out of hand from drinking too much or get caught breaking this rule, you may get kicked off the train and possibly fined.

Sleeping car passengers can bring and consume adult beverages in their rooms, but they can get thrown off the train for belligerent behavior like coach passengers.

Amtrak café car

Amtrak café attendants use cardboard trays to make transporting your food more accessible.

Coach and sleeper car passengers can purchase meals, snacks, and beverages, including adult beverages, in the cafe car.

For this train, there is seating for coach passengers on one side of the car, retail space is in the center, and the other side is the Sleeper Lounge. Here is an example of a cafe car layout.

Listen to the onboard announcements for hours of operation; typically, it is open during the day but will close for the attendant’s break times. The cafe car will be closed, at least for part of the time when the train is in Washington, DC, due to a temporary loss of power.

Sleeper “lounge”

Sleeper car passengers can use the Sleeper Lounge to relax, eat, or grab complimentary meals and beverages. The lounge is the section of the cafe car closest to the sleeping car. The lounge is part of the cafe car.

Amtrak flex dining meal
Amtrak Flex Dining: Thai Red Curry Street Noodles, with dessert and white wine

The Cardinal uses Amtrak’s flex dining. There are options for eating your meals; you can eat them in the lounge or dine in your accommodations.

You or the car attendant can grab the meals and bring them to the room.

Amtrak offers one complimentary adult beverage per eligible sleeper car passenger and unlimited soft drinks. See the Sleeper Lounge attendant for the selection of beverages on your train.

Scheduled Meals

Eastbound, sleeping car passengers receive dinner, breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

Westbound travelers receive breakfast, lunch, dinner, and breakfast.

The article on sleeper car dining has sample menus and discusses when you may not qualify for meals.

Station types

The Cardinal serves various stops, including:

The 32 stops of Amtrak’s Cardinal

Below are all of The Cardinal’s station stops and station codes.

Amtrak’s Cardinal lineup

Car numbers

Most of this section is for sleeping car passengers, but the last paragraph is for coach passengers.

Sleeper car Number
Amtrak’s four-digit code indicates this car is on train 30, The Capitol Limited, and number 01.

All of Amtrak’s rolling stock displays two sets of numbers. One is a five-digit number near the end, the car’s identification number, and you can ignore that number.

The other number is the one you need, a four-digit number found next to the door. This number gives you the route and the car’s position in the train’s lineup.

When traveling West, the car number should be 50XX or East 51XX. Occasionally, these numbers are not updated so that a Northbound sleeping car might say 5100 instead of 5000; if you get confused, car attendants and conductors are happy to help you.

If you have a sleeper, the attendants are looking for you, so walk to those cars, and they will help you.

Once again, your sleeping car accommodations information is on your ticket with your eticket as a PDF file.

The Cardinal’s Order of Cars

Eastbound Car NumbersEquipment TypeWestbound Car Numbers
5009Baggage Dorm Car5109
This information could change at any time, and occasionally, Amtrak may add another sleeper.

Connecting to other trains

The Cardinal allows easy connections with all long-distance trains in or out of Chicago, plus many regional trains. Depending on where you are going, the Cardinal will enable you to transfer to Silver Service for those passengers traveling to the Carolinas, Georga, or Florida or staying on the train to New York and New England.

Passenger Car layouts

The examples below will give you an idea of the Amtrak cars’ layout on the Cardinal. Amtrak has new sleeper cars coming into service, and they do rehab older cars, so your sleeper or coach car may vary from these.

Nevertheless, these diagrams can help you find your room in your sleeping car. The placement of passenger rooms has not changed.

Amtrak also has passengers in the dorm/baggage car, which only has roomettes.

Sleeping car numbers 5800/5900

Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper
A look at the layout of an Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper car

There are new Viewliner Sleeper Cars that no longer have toilets in roomettes. The roomette between room 12 and the end of the sleeper car is now the bathroom, and the coffee station has moved between bedroom “B” and roomette 1.

The new sleepers have a burgundy interior instead of the blue one.

New sleepers are appearing on the Cardinal, along with dorm baggage cars. These cars have roomettes for staff and passengers.

Coach Cars 5030-5032/5130-5132

Amfleet II Coach car
Amtrak’s single-level Amfleet II coach car

Amtrak Café Car

This car is not the exact one on this train, but it still gives you an idea.

Amtrak cafe car
Amfleet café car

The café/dining car is similar, and the non-bathroom side is towards the sleeper cars.

The average cost of Riding Amtrak’s Cardinal

The prices below are based on one person traveling from end to end and should be considered a reference.

The upper bunk of a Viewliner roomette.
A view of the upper bunk of a Viewliner roomette

Similar to other companies in the transportation industry, Amtrak uses step or bucket prices. This process means they set aside seats or rooms at one cost, and after selling those, the price goes up to the next bucket or steps and goes on until the train is full.

You may find the cost can go up or down as you research. If people cancel their trip, accommodations can become available, and that can cause the prices to fluctuate.

When booking, the price on the screen is the total price for that section on the trip. For example, if you plan a trip to Charleston, WV, for two, and after entering that information into the app, you may get results of $118, and the sleeper is $452; that price is for both passengers.

Sleeper tickets

There are two prices for sleeping accommodations; the first is the room rate, and the second is the “rail fair.” You pay one room rate and two rail fairs when you book a room with someone. For example, one person in a roomette is $319, but the total is $494 for two. You see the total price on the screen, including both fares.


Discounts like senior, military, or others come off the rail price, not the room price. Click the button below for more information on saving money on Amtrak and how deals work.

AccommodationsApproximate Price Range
Coach Seats$90 – $265
Roomettes$394 – $654
Bedrooms$858 – $1397
Accessible RoomCall 1-800-USA-Rail
for more info
Prices can change at any point, and based on one passenger, use a guide only (2021).

Notable views and fun info about the Amtrak Cardinal

The Amtrak Cardinal is essential for Amtrak; this train moves cars and locomotives to and from Amtrak’s Beechgrove facilities.

When the train leaves Chicago, it could be longer with a mix of equipment, but it reduces to its average size after Indianapolis, IN. Or, if going the other way, it may get equipment added.

The train travels through the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains, the Shenandoah Valley, and the wild white-water rivers of West Virginia. Some of these stunning views are only visible by train.

For transportation and train nerds, Washington, DC, could be a fun station stop. In DC, the Mighty Cardinal changes power! The northbound train sheds its diesel-electric engine for an electric one, and the Southbound does the opposite.

During the engine swap in Washington, DC, there were times when the train would not have power. The restrooms will not work, and the food service car may be closed. You may get off the train during this time.

Fresh air stops

Fresh air breaks allow you to get off the train, stretch your legs, and breathe, as the name implies, fresh air. They are formally known as smoke breaks.

Getting off the train during these breaks adds to the experience and is a welcome change of scenery. These breaks happen during crew changes, fuel stops, or early train arrives.

If you decide to get off the train at a fresh air stop, follow the conductor’s directions, and don’t wander too far from the train. Remember that the train can and will leave without you if you do not return on time. Often, you will hear a few blasts from the train’s horn, indicating it is time to reboard the train.

Walking around the Amtrak Cardinal

Hallway of an Amtrak Baggage Dorm car
Hallway of an Amtrak Baggage Dorm car

First-time train riders should know a few tidbits about walking around the train. It is not hard, but often not what people are used to doing as they travel.

The first point is trains are linear, meaning one car is in front of another, so you may need to walk through a few cars to get to the one you desire.

The second thing to remember is that trains sway as they go down the track—use seatbacks or luggage racks for support.

Avoid stepping where the plates come together between cars and use candy cane striped handles for support.

Thirdly, the isles of trains are narrow and do not allow people walking in opposite directions to pass simultaneously.

Sometimes, if you have two seats, people may step into “your space” for a second to let another pass. Be courteous of others as you walk through the train.

Smoking And Pot On The Amtrak Cardinal

Along with all other Amtrak trains, The Cardinal prohibits smoking or vaping.

If caught smoking onboard, you can be removed from the train and fined. While marijuana is legal in many states, it is still illegal to transport or consume it on Amtrak because it is considered federal property.

Bathrooms and showers on the Amtrak Cardinal

There are two bathrooms in each coach car (across from each other), plus the cafe car has one.

New Viewliners, the ones with burgundy interiors, have one bathroom at the end of the car, one in each bedroom, and one in the accessible room. Older sleeper cars with blue interiors have a toilet in each room.

Each sleeping car has a shower for all roomette and accessible passengers. Each bedroom has its own; it is in the small bathroom.

There are no shower facilities for coach passengers.

The Amtrak Cardinal wrap-up.

The Cardinal is a safe, relaxing, and fun way to travel to your next adventure.

Food Overview

Coach riders should budget some funds for the café car. They can always bring food or snacks, but Amtrak cannot store, chill, or heat the food brought aboard the train by passengers.

Amtrak may provide ice to cool your medications, but you must bring a small cooler. Ice supplies are limited.

Sleeper passengers’ meals are part of the sleeping car experience, and the meals are part of the reservation. These passengers receive Amtrak’s flex dining; the cafe car is there if you want a treat or a libation.

Other reminders for passengers of the Amtrak Cardinal

Amtrak Cardinal Sleeping car passengers can use the station lounges in Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington D, and New York, offering priority boarding, complimentary beverages, and possibly more.

WIFI and streaming on the Amtrak Cardinal

Amtrak wi-fi terms and agreement page
After a few seconds, this screen should appear, and if you agree to the terms, click the green button, and you are running.

This train may have WIFI, but expect a few dead spots along the route.

Amtrak’s website states, “(…) this basic WiFi service supports general web browsing activities. Due to limited bandwidth onboard the trains, our WiFi does not support high-bandwidth actions such as streaming music or video or downloading large files.”

Amtrak uses a cell-based service like your phone, so you may not always have service. I always plan for the train trip not to have Internet, and I am delighted when it does. Speeds can vary depending on the passenger load and location.

If you have a tablet or smartphone, check with your streaming services to see if they allow you to download videos from home to watch during your trip without using your data.

Remember to watch your data if you do not use the onboard WIFI. Watching videos on social media or other streaming can use your data quicker than you realize.

Using electronics on the Amtrak Cardinal

Use headphones for any noise-making device (phone, games, etc.), and turn down or silence your phone, especially at night.

Headphones are a must, especially in coach class; remember, you are not the only one on the train. I know you listen to the best music, and your electronic games are fantastic, but not everyone is into either of those, especially if they are trying to sleep.

Don’t forget that we can hear you if you wear headphones and sing along!

Sleeper passengers can go without headphones, provided you keep the volume down. I often have my iPad just loud enough to cover the noise of the train. When in doubt, use headphones or check to see if you can hear your device in the hallway with the door closed. Remember, the walls are thin, and sound can bleed through. The moral of the story is to be considerate.


smart phone
Smartphones can provide entertainment while traveling.

Bring some entertainment with you. Something simple like a book, magazine, or deck of cards can go far. Electronically, apps that do not need WiFi can help you pass the time; ebooks and podcasts also help.

For more information on entertainment on Amtrak trains, check out this article.

Most of all, bring your patience.

I hope this helps you plan and enjoy your next trip aboard Amtrak’s Cardinal!

Happy planning and safe travels!


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Kevin Monteith

Kev Monteith has been traveling on Amtrak since 2012. With over a decade of experience, he has been on over 800 trains, covering over 200k miles of rail. Kev enjoys helping others achieve their travel dreams by providing support and information. Outside of travel, Kev enjoys making music as an organist and outings with family.

This Post Has 4 Comments

  1. Joel K

    There’s also a Metropolitan Lounge at Washington Union Station for sleeper passengers. Connection from northbound Silver Meteor to westbound Cardinal is good at Washington, but the eastbound Cardinal arrives too late to make a safe connection. Viewliner accessible bedrooms have their own shower.

    1. I missed Club Acela in Washington, DC; thanks for reminding me! I updated the article. That lounge recently had an overhaul.

  2. pippa

    I have a question, if I get on at Indianapolis, IN and get off at the new station in NYC (the new one), but the lounge closes at 9pm, does the hotel pick me up, whats the order that we do things? I want to stay in the garment district .

    1. Check for hotels with shuttle services and verify they pick up at the station. The other alternative is to take a rideshare or taxi. There are always taxis outside the station.

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