Amtrak’s Cardinal is a relaxing mode of transportation between Chicago, IL, and New York City, NY. The train provides coach and sleeping car accommodations plus food service.
This train, in total, serves thirty-two communities by rail, including Washington, Philadelphia, Charlottesville, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis.
Amtrak offers connecting services for more destinations to expand this train’s reach. This article will give you the information you need to plan your next trip aboard Amtrak’s Cardinal.
Taking Amtrak is convenient for passengers in several ways. Many station stops are in the downtown areas, unlike airports.
The Cardinal serves many communities without access to airports or other forms of mass transportation. Another advantage of train travel is less jetlag and an opportunity to sit back and enjoy the scenery.
New York, NY- Washington DC – Charlottesville, WV – Cincinnati, OH – Indianapolis, IN – Chicago, IL
Amtrak’s Cardinal Podcast
I did a podcast about this train and an overview of this article. The article has more detail, but if you are looking for an audio overview, here it is!
The Cardinal runs three days between Chicago, IL, and New York. NY, with thirty-four intermediate stops.
The Cardinal leaves Chicago on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday and stops after Indianapolis, IN, the next day. Likewise, It leaves New York on Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday and stops after Maysville, KY, the next day.
The train uses one (sometimes more) GE Genisis series locomotive between Chicago and DC and a Seimans electric locomotive between DC and NYC. Rail cars include Amtrak’s Amfleet II and Viewliner Equipment.
The new Amtrak sleepers are appearing on this train.
You can reserve the following:
The train name and numbers
All Amtrak trains are named and numbered. The names make it easier for you to remember what you need to be on, and the train number helps make sure it is the right one.
The train numbers identify the trains’ directions and, with some routes, the schedule of that train. The Cardinal going East is train 50 and 51 going West.
This train offers travel opportunities beyond the rails with Amtrak’s Connecting Services reserved along with your train ticket.
If you purchase your ticket at a station, you will leave with a paper ticket, plus you can also request an email copy. When you book online, tickets get emailed to you—more on this topic in the next section.
Suppose you are looking for someone to arrange everything for you. In that case, Amtrak Vacations, a travel agency authorized by Amtrak, or an independent rail-focused travel agency, is Vacation by Rail.
Do not plan on buying your tickets on the train. You can purchase tickets over the phone and pick them up on the train in limited circumstances. Here is more information on purchasing tickets onboard and pickup.
Sometimes, you will need to call Amtrak or visit a staffed station, for example, booking an accessible room, bedroom suites, or if you want something special like two roomettes across from each other, and the like.
What you need to know about tickets
You need a ticket, either a paper ticket or a digital one, to board the train. Along with that, make sure you have a valid government-issued ID. Amtrak ticket readers can randomly ask the conductors to check ID, this hasn’t happened to me, but it has happened to travel companions.
Amtrak sends you an email containing your ticket and receipt when you purchase your tickets over the phone or the internet. Once you receive this email, either print off the pdf or flag the emails so you can quickly find them to show conductors from your smart device.
Tickets on your smart device
The Amtrak app can store your tickets; It works best when signed up for Amtrak Guest Rewards. Another option is a “wallet app” like Apple Wallet. Screenshots will also give you quick access to them even without internet service.
Boarding The Cardinal
When it is time to board the train, prepare your tickets for conductors and attendants to look at or scan. Your tickets tell the staff all of your accommodation and destination information.
It is not uncommon for your ticket to get scanned by the conductor after you board.
Listen carefully to the instructions the Amtrak staff gave, so you end up in the right spot. Often coach seats are assigned before you enter the train., but not always. After you are seated, conductors place a card over your head with your destination so they know your stop.
Please do not move to another car without talking to a conductor; because conductors group passengers with the same destination in the same coach car, boarding and deboarding are less disruptive at night.
Downloadable route guide
The route guides are fun to learn about the communities you roll through to your destination. You can print or save them on a tablet, so worry about the internet.
The Cardinal Schedule, run time, and miles
It takes the Cardinal 26.5 hours to travel 1,147 miles from start to finish. Below is a brief look at scheduled departure times for the Cardinal’s significant stops.
|5:55 pm||Chicago. IL||10:00 am|
|12:15 pm (next day)||Indianapolis, IN||6:00 am|
|3:37 am||Cincinnati, OH||1:41 am (next day)|
|3:44 pm||Charlottesville, VA||1:52 pm|
|7:09 pm||Washington DC||11:00 am|
|10:23 pm||New York, NY||6:54 am|
Who owns the tracks the Cardinal uses?
Amtrak does own some tracks, but most of the Cardinal route is on rails owned by other railroads. The owners of these rails are called the host railroads.
The Cardinal operates on tracks owned by:
What is the Cardinal’s on-time reliability?
For 2020, the Cardinal was on-time 65% of the time. The majority of Amtrak’s route is over CSX and NS tracks.
Amtrak scores each of the class 1 railroads with a letter grade.
In 2020 CSX achieved an on-time score of a B+ with a four-year average of a B. On the other hand, NS for 2020 scored a C with a four-year average of an F.
Here is Amtrak’s full report card and more info on how Amtrak applied performance.
Check out the video or click here for why Amtrak trains get delayed. Delays happen, and as you learned, often, they are not Amtrak’s fault. Trains can compensate for some lost time and not let this deter you from booking a trip.
How to see if The Cardinal is running on time
Amtrak’s Site and App
You can check the status of The Cardinal or any of Amtrak’s trains with a computer or a smart device. Amtrak’s website and app have a button to gather this info, and once you are in, there are two ways to collect the information.
Option one is by Train Number; you need the train’s number and a station. For example, if you are getting on the train in Hinton, WV, and heading to New York and are curious how the train is doing, enter 50 for the train number and HIN or Hinton. If you do not know your train number, look at your ticket, it is on there.
If you want to get info by station, enter the city where the train started and where you are getting on the train. Suppose we use the last example, type in CHI or Chicago for the departure station and HIN for the arrival.
Either way works, but knowing the train’s number works best for me. I often will how the train did at the stop before mine, for this will give me an idea if I have time to spare or if I need to hurry. Remember that trains can make up some time if they are running late.
If you use the Amtrak app on your day of travel, a button in the ticket area says trip tools; after you hit that, a drop-down menu will allow you to check your train status, not only for your stop but for your destination.
Or you can also call 1-800-USA-Rail to get train status.
Besides the Amtrak site, there are some third-party to help you. This site is the one I like and use the most because of its useability and its display.
The site provides a live map displaying all Amtrak trains running at that time, or you can get a particular train or station’s status.
I go back and forth between the site and Amtrak’s app, for I will use the site to see where the train is and then the app when it is close to the station.
I love using the site to see how the train is performing on its journey. When using that function, remember to enter the date when the train started its trip. For example, if you were going from Omaha to Chicago on the California Zephyer, use the date two days prior.
Third-party sites obtained their data from Amtrak, and this information is close to “real-time. ” Amtrak pings each train every few minutes, so it’s close enough.
Receive text or emails
Amtrak offers the opportunity to receive text messages or emails about the train’s status when purchasing tickets. If you miss the prompt, you can sign-up afterward using the link below. When signing up for emails, ensure the account you use is an account you can use while traveling.
If someone picks you up, they can also sign up for this service. Then everyone can be on the same page, and it comes in handy if there is a delay and you do not have cell coverage in an area.
Baggage on Amtrak’s Cardinal
Amtrak’s generous carry-on policy allows for two twenty-eight-inch suitcases and two personal items; all bags must weigh fifty pounds or less.
Coach cars offer storage above your seat, plus a luggage rack at one end of the coach car. No one guards stowed luggage. Sleeper cars have space in the rooms for your belongings, like above the door in roomettes.
Check bag service is not available for all stops. Before you leave, verify that departure and arrival stations offer checked bag service to prevent a day of travel surprise. You must carry all your luggage if one or both do not provide this service.
If you know ahead of time, you can pack accordingly. Further down in this article is a list of all station stops and the services offered.
If you connect to or from this train, your checked bags will transfer with you, except for bus transfers. When in doubt, ask onboard or station staff.
If you check your bags, you will not have access to them until you reach your final destination, so if you need any medications, pack them in your carry-on.
You must check your bags at least forty-five minutes before the departure of the train.
Food and alcohol on Amtrak’s Cardinal
Bringing food onto The Cardinal
You can bring food and beverages on board the train, but remember that others will be around you, so consider what you get. Egg salad or other food with pungent odors is never a good idea. Some people, like my dad, might suggest that you do not bring noisy food, but my thought is, don’t eat it at night while others are sleeping.
Due to FDA regulations, do not bring food or drinks into Amtrak food service cars you didn’t purchase onboard. Food for children is the exception. Also, Amtrak staff cannot store or warm any food or beverage for you.
Bringing alcohol onto The Cardinal
You may transport adult beverages in coach class but cannot partake from your stash as you travel. If you get out of hand from drinking too much or are caught breaking this rule, you may get kicked off the train and possibly fined.
Sleeping car passengers can bring and consume adult beverages in their rooms, but they can get thrown off the train for belligerent behavior like coach passengers.
Amtrak café car
Coach and sleeper car passengers can purchase meals, snacks, and beverages, including adult beverages, in the cafe car.
For this train, there is seating for coach passengers on one side of the car, retail space is in the center, and the other side is the Sleeper Lounge. Here is an example of a cafe car layout.
Listen to the onboard announcements for hours of operation; typically, it is open during the day but will close for the attendant’s break times.
Sleeper car passengers can use the Sleeper Lounge to relax, eat, or grab complimentary meals and beverages. The lounge is the section of the cafe car closest to the sleeping car.
The Cardinal uses Amtrak’s flex dining. There are options for eating your meals; you can eat them in the lounge or dine in your accommodations.
You or the car attendant can grab the meals and bring them to the room.
Amtrak offers one complimentary adult beverage per eligible sleeper car passenger and unlimited soft drinks. See the Sleeper Lounge attendant for the selection of beverages on your train.
Eastbound sleeping car passengers receive dinner, breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Westbound travelers receive breakfast, lunch, dinner, and breakfast.
The article on sleeper car dining has sample menus and discusses when you may not qualify for meals.
The Cardinal serves various stops, including:
The 32 stops of Amtrak’s Cardinal
Below are all of The Cardinal’s station stops and station codes.
- New York, NY – Penn Station (NYP)
- Newark, NJ – Penn Station (NWK)
- Trenton, NJ (TRE)
- Philadelphia, PA – 30th Street Station (PHL)
- Wilmington, DE (WIL)
- Baltimore, MD – Penn Station (BAL)
- Washington, DC – Union Station (WAS)
- Alexandria, VA (ALX)
- Manassas, VA (MSS)
- Culpeper, VA (CLP)
- Charlottesville, VA (CVS)
- Staunton, VA (STA)
- Clifton Forge, VA (CLF)
- White Sulphur Springs, WV (WSS)
- Alderson, WV (ALD)
- Hinton, WV (HIN)
- Prince, WV (PRC)
- Thurmond, WV (THN)
- Montgomery, WV (MNG)
- Charleston, WV (CHW)
- Huntington, WV (HUN)
- Ashland, KY (AKY)
- South Portsmouth, KY (SPM)
- Maysville, KY (MAY)
- Cincinnati, OH – Union Terminal (CIN)
- Connersville, IN (COI)
- Indianapolis, IN (IND)
- Crawfordsville, IN (CRF)
- Lafayette, IN (LAF)
- Rensselaer, IN (REN)
- Dyer, IN (DYE)
- Chicago, IL – Union Station (CHI)
Amtrak’s Cardinal lineup
Most of this section is for sleeping car passengers, but the last paragraph is for coach passengers.
All of Amtrak’s rolling stock displays two sets of numbers. One is a five-digit number near the end, the car’s identification number, and you can ignore that number.
The other number is the one you need, a four-digit number found next to the door. This number gives you the route and the car’s position in the train’s lineup.
When traveling West, the car number should start with 50XX or East 51XX. Occasionally, these numbers are not updated so that a Northbound sleeping car might say 5100 instead of 5000; if you get confused, car attendants and conductors are happy to help you.
If you have a sleeper, the attendants are looking for you, so walk to those cars, and they will help you.
Once again, your sleeping car accommodations information is on your ticket with your eticket as a PDF file.
The Cardinal’s order of cars
|Eastbound Car Numbers||Equipment Type||Westbound Car Numbers|
|5009||Baggage Dorm Car||5109|
Connecting to other trains
The Cardinal allows easy connections with all long-distance trains in or out of Chicago, plus many regional trains. Depending on where you are going, the Cardinal will enable you to transfer to Silver Service for those passengers traveling to the Carolinas, Georga, or Florida or stay on to head to New York and the New England area.
Passenger Car layouts
The examples below will give you an idea of the layout of the Amtrak cars found on the Cardinal. Amtrak has new sleeper cars coming into service, and they do rehab older cars, so your sleeper or coach car may vary from these.
Nevertheless, these diagrams can help you find your room in your sleeping car. The placement of passenger rooms has not changed.
Amtrak also has passengers in the dorm/baggage car, which only has roomettes.
Sleeping car numbers 5800/5900
There are new Viewliner Sleeper Cars no longer have toilets in roomettes. The roomette between room 12 and the end of the sleeper car is now the bathroom, and the coffee station moved between bedroom “B” and roomette 1.
The new sleepers have a burgundy interior instead of the blue one.
New sleepers are appearing on the Cardinal, along with dorm-baggage cars. These cars have roomettes for staff and passengers.
Coach Cars 5030-5032/5130-5132
Amtrak Café Car
This car is not the exact one on this train, but it still gives you an idea.
The café/dining car is similar, and the non-bathroom side is towards the sleeper cars.
The average cost of Riding Amtrak’s Cardinal
The prices below are based on one person traveling from end to end and should be considered a reference.
Similar to other companies in the transportation industry, Amtrak uses step or bucket prices. This process means they set aside seats or rooms at one cost, and after selling those, the price goes up to the next bucket or steps and goes on until the train is full.
As you research, you may find the cost can go up or down. If people cancel to move their trip, accommodations can become available, and that can cause the prices to fluctuate.
When booking, the price on the screen is the total price for that section on the trip. For example, if you plan a trip to Charleston, WV, for two, and after entering that information into the app, you may get results of $118, and the sleeper is $452; that price is for both passengers.
There are two prices wrapped up in one for sleeping accommodations; the first is the room rate, and the second is the “rail fair.” You pay one room rate and two rail fairs when you book a room with someone. For example, one person in a roomette is $319, but for two, the total is $494.
Discounts like senior, military, or others come off the rail price, not the room price. Click the button below for more information on saving money on Amtrak and how deals work.
|Accommodations||Approximate Price Range|
|Coach Seats||$90 – $265|
|Roomettes||$394 – $654|
|Bedrooms||$858 – $1397|
|Accessible Room||Call 1-800-USA-Rail|
for more info
Notable views and fun info about the Cardinal
The Cardinal serves an essential role for Amtrak; this train moves cars and locomotives to and from Amtrak’s Beechgrove facilities.
When the train leaves Chicago, it could be longer with a mix of equipment, but it reduces to its average size after Indianapolis, IN. Or, if going the other way, it may get equipment added.
The train travels through the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains, the Shenandoah Valley, and the wild white-water rivers of West Virginia. Some of these stunning views are only visible by train.
For transportation and train nerds, Washington, DC, could be a fun station stop. In DC, the Mighty Cardinal changes power! The northbound train sheds its diesel-electric engine for an electric, and the Southbound does the opposite.
During the engine swap in Washington, DC, there are times when the train will not have power. The restrooms will not work, and the food service car may be closed. You may get off the train during this time.
Fresh air stops
Fresh air breaks allow you to get off the train, stretch your legs, and breathe, as the name implies, fresh air. They are formally known as smoke breaks.
Getting off the train during these breaks adds to the experience and is a welcome change of scenery. These breaks happen during crew changes, fuel stops, or early train arrives.
If you decide to get off the train at a fresh air stop, follow the conductor’s directions, and don’t wander too far from the train. Remember that the train can and will leave without you if you do not return on time. Often you will hear a few blasts from the train’s horn, indicating it is time to reboard the train.
Walking around the train
First-time train riders should know a few tidbits about walking around the train. It is not hard, but often not what people are used to doing as they travel.
The first point is trains are linear, meaning one car is in front of another, so you may need to walk through a few cars to get to the one you desire.
The second thing to remember is that trains sway as they go down the track—use seatbacks or luggage racks for support.
Avoid stepping where the plates come together between cars and use candy cane striped handles for support.
Thirdly, the isles of trains are narrow and do not allow people walking in opposite directions to pass simultaneously.
At times, if you have two seats to yourself, people may step into “your space” for a second to let another pass. Be courteous of others as you walk through the train.
Other things you should know before riding Amtrak’s Cardinal
Smoking and marijuana on the train
Along with all other Amtrak trains, The Cardinal prohibits smoking or vaping. If caught smoking onboard, you can be removed from the train and fined. While marijuana is legal in many states, it is still illegal to transport or consume it on Amtrak because it is considered federal property.
Bathrooms and showers
There are two bathrooms in each coach car (across from each other), plus the cafe car has one.
New Viewliners, the ones with burgundy interiors, have one bathroom at the end of the car, one in each bedroom, and one in the accessible room. Older sleeper cars with blue interiors have a toilet in each room.
Each sleeping car has a shower for all roomette and accessible passengers. Each bedroom has its own; it is in the small bathroom.
There are no shower facilities for coach passengers.
Amtrak’s Cardinal wrap-up.
The Cardinal is a safe, relaxing, and fun way to travel to your next adventure.
Coach riders should budget some funds for the café car. They can always bring food or snacks, but Amtrak cannot store, chill, or heat the food brought aboard the train by passengers.
Amtrak may provide ice to keep your medications cool, but you need to bring a small cooler. Ice supplies are limited.
Sleeper passengers’ meals are part of the sleeping car experience, and the meals are part of the reservation. These passengers receive Amtrak’s flex dining; the cafe car is there if you want a treat or a libation.
Other reminders for passengers of Amtrak’s Cardinal
Sleeping car passengers can use the station lounges in Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York, offering priority boarding, complimentary beverages, and possibly more.
WIFI and streaming
This train may have WIFI but expect a few dead spots along the route.
According to Amtrak’s website: “(…) this basic WiFi service supports general web browsing activities. Due to limited bandwidth onboard the trains, our WiFi does not support high-bandwidth actions such as streaming music, streaming video, or downloading large files.”
Amtrak uses a cell-based service, just like your phone, so you may not always have service. I always plan for the train trip not to have internet, and I am delighted when it does. Speeds can vary depending on the passenger load and location.
If you have a tablet or smartphone, check with your streaming services to see if they allow you to download videos from home to watch during your trip without using your data.
Remember to watch your data if you do not use the onboard WIFI. Watching videos on social media or other streaming can use up your data quicker than you realize.
Use headphones for any noise-making device (phone, games, etc.), and turn down or silence your phone, especially at night.
Headphones are a must, especially in coach class; remember, you are not the only one on the train. I know you listen to the best music, and your electronic games are fantastic, but not everyone is into either of those, especially if they are trying to sleep.
Don’t forget that we can hear you if you wear headphones and sing along!
Sleeper passengers can go without headphones, provided you keep the volume down. I often have my iPad just loud enough to cover the noise of the train. When in doubt, use headphones or check to see if you can hear your device in the hallway with the door closed. Remember, the walls are thin, and sound can bleed through. The moral of the story is to be considerate.
Bring some entertainment with you. Something simple like a book, magazine, or deck of cards can go far. Electronically, apps that do not need WiFi can help you pass the time; ebooks and podcasts also help.
For more information on entertainment on Amtrak trains, check out this article.
Most of all, bring your patience.
I hope this helps you plan and enjoy your next trip aboard Amtrak’s Cardinal!
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